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   The term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian “Eran”. In a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief it was first attested. The name of this country has been also referred to as Persia by the West. Using Persia instead of Iran mainly was due to the writings of Greek historians. It were them who called Iran Persis. The word Persis means "land of the Persians”. It would be mentioned that Persis was originally referred to a region settled by Persians in the west shore of Lake Urmia, in the 9th century BC. The settlement was then shifted to the southern end of the Zagros Mountains which is Fars Province now. As it is known the Iranian Plateau is a triangle set between two depressions, the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to the north. The triangle is bounded by mountains rising round a central depression, a desert region formed by the bed of dried-up sea. The western mountains, or Zagros range, run from north-west to south-east, and are over 620 miles in length and 120 in width. It was in 1935 that Pahlavi, the first, Reza Shah, asked the international community for referring to Iran that was the country`s native name. It was explained at the time that "At the suggestion of the Persian Legation in Berlin, the Tehran government, on the Persian New Year, Nowruz, March 21, 1935, substituted Iran for Persia as the official name of the country." The source of this news is New York Times.

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